Are you looking for an easy guide on how to install Kubernetes (k8s) using kubespray?

The step-by-step guide on this page will show you how to install Kubernetes Cluster using kubespray on linux systems.

Kubespray is a free and open-source tool that provide ansible playbooks to deploy and manage Kubernetes clusters. It is designed to simplify the installation process of Kubernetes clusters across multiple nodes, allowing users to deploy and manage a production-ready Kubernetes cluster quickly and easily.

It supports a range of operating systems, including Ubuntu, CentOS, Rocky Linux and Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and it can deploy Kubernetes on a variety of platforms, including bare metal, public cloud, and private cloud.

In this guide, we are using the following lab,

  • Ansible Node (Kubespray Node): Minimal installed Ubuntu 22.04 LTS (
  • 3 Controller Nodes: Minimal Installed Rocky Linux 9 (
  • 2 Worker Nodes: Minimal Installed Rocky Linux 9 (

Minimum system requirements for kubespray

  • Master Nodes: 1500 MB RAM, 2 CPU and 20 GB free disk space
  • Worker Nodes: 1024 MB, 2 CPU, 20 GB free disk space
  • Ansible Node: 1024 MB, 1CPU and 20 GB disk space
  • Internet connectivity on each node
  • Regular with sudo admin rights

Without any further delay, let’s deep dive into the installation steps,

Step 1) Configure Kubespray Node

Login to your Ubuntu 22.04 system and install ansible. Run the following set of commands,

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install git python3 python3-pip -y
$ git clone
$ cd kubespray
$ pip install -r requirements.txt

Verify the ansible version, run

$ ansible --version


Create the hosts inventory, run below commands and don’t forget to replace IP address that suits to your deployment.

$ cp -rfp inventory/sample inventory/mycluster
$ declare -a IPS=(
$ CONFIG_FILE=inventory/mycluster/hosts.yaml python3 contrib/inventory_builder/ ${IPS[@]}

Modify the inventory file, set 3 control nodes and 2 worker nodes

$ vi inventory/mycluster/hosts.yaml


Save and close the file

Review and modify the following parameters in file “inventory/mycluster/group_vars/k8s_cluster/k8s-cluster.yml”.

kube_version: v1.26.2
kube_network_plugin: calico
cluster_name: linuxtechi.local


To enable addons like kuberenetes dashboard and ingress controller, set the parameters as enabled in the file “inventory/mycluster/group_vars/k8s_cluster/addons.yml

$ vi inventory/mycluster/group_vars/k8s_cluster/addons.yml
dashboard_enabled: true
ingress_nginx_enabled: true
ingress_nginx_host_network: true

save and exit the file.

Step 2) Copy SSH-keys from ansible node to all other nodes

First generate the ssh-keys for your local user on your ansible node,

$ ssh-keygen

Copy the ssh-keys using ssh-copy-id command,

$ ssh-copy-id sysops@
$ ssh-copy-id sysops@
$ ssh-copy-id sysops@
$ ssh-copy-id sysops@
$ ssh-copy-id sysops@

Also Read: How to Setup Passwordless SSH Login in Linux with Keys

Also run the following command on each node.

$ echo "sysops ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:ALL" | sudo tee /etc/sudoers.d/sysops

Step 3) Disable Firewall and Enable IPV4 forwarding

To disable firewall on all the nodes, run following ansible command from ansible node,

$ cd kubespray
$ ansible all -i inventory/mycluster/hosts.yaml -m shell -a "sudo systemctl stop firewalld && sudo systemctl disable firewalld"

Run following ansible commands to enable IPv4 forwarding and disable swap on all the nodes,

$ ansible all -i inventory/mycluster/hosts.yaml -m shell -a "echo 'net.ipv4.ip_forward=1' | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf"
$ ansible all -i inventory/mycluster/hosts.yaml -m shell -a "sudo sed -i '/ swap / s/^(.*)$/#1/g' /etc/fstab && sudo swapoff -a"

Step 4) Start Kubernetes deployment

Now, we are all set to start Kubernetes cluster deployment, run following ansible playbook from ansible node,

$ cd kubespray
$ ansible-playbook -i inventory/mycluster/hosts.yaml --become --become-user=root cluster.yml


Now monitor the deployment, it may take 20 to 30 minutes depending on internet speed and hardware resources.

Once the deployment is completed, we will get following output on our screen,


Great, above output confirms that deployment is completed successfully.

Step 5) Access Kubernetes cluster

Login to first master node, switch to root user, run kubectl commands from there,

$ sudo su -
# kubectl get nodes
# kubectl get pods -A



Perfect, output above confirms that all the nodes in the cluster are in ready state and Pods of all the namespace are up and running. This shows that our Kubernetes cluster is deployed successfully.

Let’s try to deploy nginx based deployment and expose it as nodeport, run the following kubectl commands

$ kubectl create deployment demo-nginx-kubespray --image=nginx --replicas=2
$ kubectl expose deployment demo-nginx-kubespray --type NodePort --port=80
$ kubectl get  deployments.apps
$ kubectl get pods
$ kubectl get svc demo-nginx-kubespray

Output of above commands,


Now try accessing this nginx application using worker’s IP address and node port (30050)

Either use below curl command or web browser to access this application.

$ curl



Perfect, this confirms that application is accessible outside of our cluster.

Step 6) Kubernetes Dashboard (GUI)

To access the Kubernetes dashboard, let’s first service account and assign admin privileges so that it can access dashboard using token.

Create service account with name ‘admin-user’ in kube-system namespace.

$ vi dashboard-adminuser.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system

save and close the file.

$ kubectl apply -f dashboard-adminuser.yml
serviceaccount/admin-user created

Create a cluster role binding,

$ vi admin-role-binding.yml
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
  name: admin-user
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system

save and exit the file.

$ kubectl apply -f admin-role-binding.yml created

Now, create the token for admin-user,

$ kubectl -n kube-system  create token admin-user


Copy this token and place it somewhere safe because we will use token to login Kubernetes dashboard.

Connect to first master node from your system using following ssh command

$ ssh -L8001:localhost:8001 sysops@

Note : Replace IP address that suits to your env.

After login, switch to root user and run ‘kubectl proxy‘ command,

$ sudo su -
# kubectl proxy
Starting to serve on


Open the web browser of your system, set the proxy settings as shown below,


Once you are done with proxy settings, paste the following url in browser,



Select the login mechanism as Token and paste the token that you have generated above for admin-user and then click on ‘Sign in


That’s all from this guide, I hope you found it informative. Kindly do post your queries and feedback in below comments section.

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