Hello techies, in this post we will show you how to configure DHCP server on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS step-by-step.

DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, it works on client-server architecture. DHCP server assign IPv4 and IPv6 automatically to clients (computers) on the network. DHCP Server offers a lease of IP address to client, if the clients request IP address and DHCP acknowledge it then client will get IP address for the lease time. If the lease time expires and clients wants to use the same IP address, then it must request IP address to DHCP server again.


  • Pre-Installed Ubuntu 22.04 LTS
  • Sudo User with admin rights
  • Internet Connectivity or locally configured Repository
  • Two Ethernet Cards (1st for access management & 2nd will used for DHCP server)

Lab Setup:

I am using two VMs for Lab setup. 1st VM is Ubuntu 22.04 which will configured as DHCP server and 2nd VM is RHEL 9, which will work as client and will get IP address from DHCP server automatically.

Ubuntu 22.04 LTS has two Lan cards (NICs)

  • enp0s3 ( – It will used for access management and internet connectivity
  • enp0s8 (– It will be used for DHCP, we will expose the DHCP subnet on this interface.

RHEL 9 VM has one NIC enp0s3 which will request for DHCP IP address. This NIC should be mapped to DHCP subnet VLAN.

Without any further delay, let’s jump into the installation steps.

1 ) Update Package Index

Login to Ubuntu 22.04 system and run beneath apt command to update package index

$ sudo apt update

2) Install DHCP Server and its dependencies

Run following apt command to install DHCP server and its dependent packages.

$ sudo apt install isc-dhcp-server -y


3) Configure DHCP Server

Edit /etc/default/isc-dhcp-server file and mention the interface on which DHCP would be running. In my case it is enp0s8

$ sudo vi /etc/default/isc-dhcp-server


Save and close the file.

Now, edit main dhcp configuration file “/etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf” and uncomment & set the following parameters,

Comment out the domain name server parameters as we are not using any DNS server,

#option domain-name "example.org";
#option domain-name-servers ns1.example.org, ns2.example.org;



Add the subnet and IP address range to be used for DHCP Server. Also specify the ip address of enp0s8 interface as routers.

subnet netmask {
  option routers;

Save and exit the file


Start and enable dhcp server service using following commands,

$ sudo systemctl start isc-dhcp-server
$ sudo systemctl enable isc-dhcp-server

Verify dhcp server service status, run

$ sudo systemctl status isc-dhcp-server


Output above confirms that DHCP server service is up and running. Now, it’s time to configure client so that it can get IP address from this DHCP server automatically.

4) Configure DHCP Client

In our case, our DHCP client is a RHEL 9 machine, So login to it and configure interface enp0s3 so that it requests for DHCP IP over network.

$ sudo nmtui

Edit enp0s3 interface and set IPv4 Configuration as “Automatic


Click OK and then deactivate and activate the connection to make the changes into effect.

Verify the IP address, run below ip command

$ ip add show enp0s3


Head back to DHCP server and see the leased ip address, run following cat command

$ cat /var/lib/dhcp/dhcpd.leases


That’s all from this guide. I hope you have found it informative. Kindly do post your queries and feedback in below comments section.

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